# How to use ffmpeg in Windows?

Programming | 04 May 2017

ffmpeg is the coolest application when it comes to playing with a video file. Instead of downloading so many useless converters to convert from one file format to another, ffmpeg completes any task using simple commands given to it. In this tutorial, I will list out the most useful commands one needs for video conversion and video-specific operations.

### Installation

You can easily install ffmpeg for Windows from this website.

• Go into the folder where you will find a bin folder.
• Copy the path of the bin folder (For me it was, C:\Users\gogul\Downloads\ffmpeg\bin).
• Right-click Computer and click on Properties.
• Then, click on Advanced System Settings and then, click the Environmental Variables button.
• You will find two sections - User variables and System variables. Under User variables, there will be a variable named path. Click that and click on the Edit button. Add the bin path to the variable value after a “;”.
• Now, click Ok and close all the windows.
• Open up the command prompt and type FFMPEG. You should get the following output. It means that you have successfully installed ffmpeg.

### Convert .avi to .mp4

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ffmpeg -i input.avi -c:v libx264 -crf 19 -preset slow -c:a libfdk_aac -b:a 192k -ac 2 output.mp4


If libfdk_aac is not available, then use the following.

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ffmpeg -i input.avi -c:v libx264 -crf 19 -preset slow -c:a aac -b:a 192k -ac 2 out.mp4


### Convert .mp4 to .gif

The below two commands skips first 11 seconds of the video (.mp4) and outputs a 10 second “.gif” which is 640 pixels wide with aspect ratio preserved.

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ffmpeg -y -ss 11 -t 10 -i input.mp4 -vf fps=10,scale=640:-1:flags=lanczos,palettegen out.png

ffmpeg -ss 11 -t 10 -i input.mp4 -i out.png -filter_complex "fps=10,scale=640:-1:flags=lanczos[x];[x][1:v]paletteuse" out.gif


In case if you found something useful to add to this article or you found a bug in the code or would like to improve some points mentioned, feel free to write it down in the comments. Hope you found something useful here.